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This was launched in 1981 to save the endangered musk deer which is facing extinction. For instance, the upland pastures that are so important for the species during summer have been run over by the nomadic tribe of Bakerwal and these area needs to be reclaimed and made inviolate if hangul numbers are to grow. Flagship animal of the National Park is Hangul or the Kashmiri Stag. Wildlife leopard, black beer, brown bear, musk deer, hangul, scrow, etc. The Dachigam National Park was meant to be a habitat exclusively for the Hangul. Nature has gifted this Biosphere Reserve with multiple species of rare, endangered and protected species. Musk deer is one of the smallest and most ancient kinds of deer. Yet several red deer species have gone locally extinct or are severely threatened. Musk, substance obtained from the male musk deer and having a penetrating, persistent odour.It is used in the highest grades of perfume because of its odour characteristics, ability to remain in evidence for long periods of time, and ability to act as a fixative.
Reason: Vulnerable species are rare species. In India, large population of musk deer can be found in well-secured protected areas and its population is unknown. Which of the following National Parks is home to the famous musk deer or hangul 2:13 000+ + 900+ + 900+ + Assertion: Great Indian Bustard is a rare species. ISLAMABAD (Dunya News) - The Minister Imran Khan on Sunday said rare wild species including snow leopard and Marco Polo sheep would be protected in the recently announced Himalayan national park. Nature has gifted this Biosphere Reserve with multiple species of rare, endangered and protected species. The Anhui musk deer (Moschus anhuiensis) is an endangered species of musk deer that is endemic to the Dabie Mountains of western Anhui province, China. Systematic efforts are underway to conserve them at Dachigam National park on the outskirts of Srinagar. It has been classified as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The main species are hangul, musk deer, serow, brown bear, Leopard, rhesus macaque, grey langur, Himalayan mouse hare, etc. The best time to view these mammals is from the month of September to March. The species is listed as endangered in appendix I of IUCN Red data, and protected in Nepal under the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act of 1973. The main species found over here are Hangul, Musk Deer, Serow, Brown Bear, Leopard, Black Bear and Red Fox, etc. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) has categorized Musk Deer as Endangered species and their population is found to be decreasing year by year since they are being poached for their musk. Kishtwar High Altitude National Park, Jammu and Kashmir is the natural habitat of 15 mammal species including the Musk Deer and Himalayan black and brown bear. Avifauna : The area houses a good population of pheasants and upland birds apart from other species, both resident and migratory. Add your answer and earn points. North Korea: Musk deer were designated “Natural Monument No. The musk gland is found only in adult males. The park area is well protected since the beginning of the nineteenth century by the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir ensuring clean drinking water supply to the city of Srinagar. A gram of natural musk collected from musk deer is worth more than its weight in gold. Lichen forms an important part of the Siberian musk deer’s diet. Question 3. Besides Hangul, the 141 sq km park is home to Himalayan black bear, common leopard, Himalayan langur, red fox, Himalayan marmot, leopard cat, jungle cat, Himalayan mouse hare and musk deer. It lies in a sac located between the genitals and the umbilicus, and its secretions are most likely used to attract mates. Comments are moderated and will be published only after the site moderator’s approval. Avifauna The area houses a good population of pheasants and upland birds apart from other species, both resident and migratory. The musk deer family differs from cervids, or true deer, by lacking antlers and facial glands and by possessing only a single pair of teats, a gallbladder, a caudal gland, a pair of tusk-like teeth and—of particular economic importance to humans—a musk gland. Wildlife such as white tiger, panther, cheetal, bison, nilgai, barking deer, wild boar, etc. Hangul 2. It is the Siberian musk deer, or kabarga, that can currently be an object of legal hunting. "Molecular and morphological phylogenies of ruminantia and the alternative position of the moschidae", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Musk_deer&oldid=999170923, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 20:54. Duksum (33o37’18.73”N/ 76o28’27.30” E) This area was protected as a game reserve for hangul during the 18 Hunt for Hangul Maharaja’s period, prior to 1948. We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us. The prime minister on his twitter handle posted a short video clip of a brown bear moving in thickly covered snow terrain of the national park. (India Science Wire). Musk deer Maschus moschiferus Linnaeus 9. Wild population of free ranging hangul deer inhabiting in and around Dachigam National Park was genetically assessed in ... (ca. Status as per IUCN’s Red Data Book # Species Region Status 1 Snow Leopard Ladakh, Kashmir … For long-term conservation of the critically endangered red deer or hangul in Kashmir, it is necessary to take up conservation efforts beyond protected areas, a new study has suggested. West Siang district (836 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article wildlife. Question 5. White bellied musk deer inhabits high alpine environments of Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and protected by law in India but the species is endangered because of the musk known as Kasturi in India , which is highly valuable, used for perfumes and medicines. Eaglenest or Eagle's Nest Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for its birds and tiger. 1000 km 2) encompassing the Dachigam National Park and its adjoining protected areas [3,4]. For long-term conservation of the critically endangered red deer or hangul in Kashmir, it is necessary to take up conservation efforts beyond protected areas, a new study has suggested. The Kashmir red deer is the only surviving sub-species of red deer in the Indian sub-continent. Hangul has been listed under the schedule 1 of Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 and the Jammu and Kashmir Wildlife (Protection) Act 1978. The musk deer, which was once found throughout the Himalayas, has been persecuted by man for its musk used in the preparation of perfumes and medicine. The hangul or red deer is globally well known for its reddish coat with twin antlers. However, continuous inbreeding and geographic isolation have reduced their genetic diversity and any natural calamity or disease outbreak can cause local extinction of this species, the study published in journal Current Science has warned. Musk deer can refer to any one, or all seven, of the species that make up Moschus, the only extant genus of the family Moschidae. The glands can fetch up to $45,000/kg on the black market. The best time to view these mammals is from the month of September to March. Dachigam National Park, Jammu and Kashmir is famous for Hangul, Kashmir stag. The male musk deer does not possess antlers, but instead has two prominent, tusk-like canine teeth. The park has significante popuplation of Kashmir stag or hangul deer, Himalayan black bear,Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan weasel and trout fish population. Rajparian Wildlife Sanctuary. The oldest records of the genus Moschus are known from the Late Miocene (Turolian) of Lufeng, China. These are the musk deer, snow leopard, brown bear, ibex, common leopard, Himalayan tahr, serow, Tibetan gazzelle, and golden eagle, says Rashid Naqash, wildlife warden for central Kashmir. There are many species of rare, endangered and protected species. The main species are hangul, musk deer, serow, brown bear, Leopard, rhesus macaque, grey langur, Himalayan mouse hare, etc. The area covered by the Reserve is around 32 sqkms. Kazakhstan: There are no provisions protecting musk deer. The famous reserve is a home for many endangered and rare species like Musk deer, Hangul, Brown Bear, Koklas, Leopard, Snow Cock and Monal. It publishes Red data book which contains a list of ‘Threatened species’ (vulnerable, endangered and critically endangered). List of endangered and protected species of China; References The state of Jammu and Kashmir has only about 200 hanguls in the wild. In addition, other areas which were once inhabited must also be given a chance. For the long-term conservation of critically endangered red deer or hangul in Kashmir, it is necessary to take up conservation efforts beyond protected areas, a new study has suggested. Which of the following National Parks is home to the famous musk deer or hangul ? This national park has the most beautiful wildlife, which includes marten, musk deer, snow leopard, etc. E.g smuggling of fur, horns, tusk, Snake Skin, cat skins. Like the Chinese water deer, a cervid, they have no antlers, but the males do have enlarged upper canines, forming sabre-like tusks. Its alternate name comes from its primary purpose of protecting the endangered Himalayan musk deer. The white-bellied musk deer is protected by law in Bhutan, Nepal, and India. 216” in 1968 and are protected as a result. It is rumored that ancient royalty wore the scent of the musk deer and that it is an aphrodisiac. Globally, red deer is one of the most widespread deer species in the world. G. Qi. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. SnehaArya29 SnehaArya29 Answer: 4. Lichen forms an important part of the Siberian musk deer’s diet. The lovely red deer Hangul (cerous Hanguls) is the rich and beautiful heritage of the vale of Kashmir. This will mean a lot for our ability to bring you news, perspectives and analysis from the ground so that we can make change together. Musk deer are responsible for the production of musk, a strong-smelling substance that is one of the most expensive animal products in the world. The protected area for the protection and conservation of wildlife who are in danger of getting destroyed, such an area is called a Sanctuary. Conservation breeding programme needs to be initiated soon before the numbers become too low,” Rahul Kaul of Wildlife Trust of India and a member of the research team, explained while speaking to India Science Wire. Despite coming from such a small animal (males of the species are on average only 24 inches tall), the musk deer has had a large and lasting effect on the perfume industry. You can further help us by making a donation. Both direct and indirect sighting data along natural trails and paths were used to carry out habitat suitability modelling. Many many decades ago, during the early winter months,anyone venturing into the lower portions of Kashmir Valley and paying attention to the music of the forest would have heardthe rutting calls of thehangulresounding in many parts of the valley. Which of the statement given above is/are correct? Researchers used open source software, Biomapper, coupled with remote sensing data extracted using ArcGIS for evaluating habitat suitability. Chiru or Tibetan Antelope (2) Chowsingha or Fourhorned Antelope (3) Chinkara or Indian Gazelle (4) Blackbuck Eaglenest or Eagle's Nest Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for its birds and tiger. It has been listed among the top 15 species which require high priority in conservation by the union government. The Kashmir stag or hangul (Cervuselaphushanglu), a subspecies of red deer, was in rut’ (George B. Schaller, Stones of Silence, pages 6–7). 1985. The predominant causes are human interference together with the natural hazards such as fire. (1) Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur (2) Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh (3) Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh (4) Dachigam National Park, Jammu & Kashmir 1 See answer ericosouki9688 is waiting for your help. To obtain the musk, the deer/ gazelle is kill and its gland, also call “musk pod”, is remove. … They are solitary animals and maintain well-defined territories, which they scent mark with their caudal glands. Down To Earth is a product of our commitment to make changes in the way we manage our environment, protect health and secure livelihoods and economic security for all. Musk deer can refer to any one, or all seven, of the species that make up Moschus, the only extant genus of the family Moschidae. The white-bellied musk deer is protected by law in Bhutan, Nepal, and India. Mouse-deer or Indian Chevrotain Tragulus meminna (Erxleben) * The animals which are not deer but we believe to be deer are as follows : 1. SnehaArya29 SnehaArya29 Answer: 4. … The scientists found that three areas, measuring about 935.46 sq. These two prominent causes have lowered down their population. A sheep farm of the state animal husbandry department, spread over an area of a square kilometre, has posed one of the biggest disturbances. Captive breeding has yielded good results. © Copyright Down To Earth 2021. Its quality varies according to the season and the age of the animal from which it is obtained. Hangul (Cervus elaphus hanglu), the eastern most subspecies of red deer, is now confined only to the mountains in the Kashmir region of Jammu & Kashmir State of India. Eg. people come to see these animals and their natural habitat where they are living. Problems--- trading of products from endangered species. India: Musk deer have been fully protected since 1972 under the federal Wildlife (Protection) Act and cannot legally be hunted. They are about 80 to 100 cm (31 to 39 in) long, 50 to 70 cm (20 to 28 in) high at the shoulder, and weigh between 7 and 17 kg (15 and 37 lb). Deer Musk 1Gram, Musk is the name originally given to a substance with a penetrating odor obtained from a gland of the male musk deer or gazelle which is situated between its stomach and genitals. Pahalgam Hotels. We believe strongly that we can and must do things differently. Musk deer are responsible for the production of musk, a strong-smelling substance that is one of the most expensive animal products in the world. For long-term conservation of the critically endangered red deer or hangul in Kashmir, it is necessary to take up conservation efforts beyond protected areas, a new study has suggested.The state of Ja [citation needed] In China, hunting may be permitted in some areas, although a license is required. Hangul Musk Deer Ibex Musk Deer Spotted Deer Nayan (Tibetan Sheep) Markhor Barking Deer Shapu Ibex Markhor Tibetan Antelope Serow Ibex Tibetan Gazalle Black Bear Tahr Wild Yak Brown Bear Goral Snow Leopard Common Leopard Black Bear Pallas Cat Snow Leopard Common Leopard Black Necked Crane. 7. Musk deer resemble small deer, with a stocky build and hind legs longer than their front legs. km, around Dachigam National Park, have greater potential for supporting hangul population. Dachigam National Park, Jammu and Kashmir is famous for Hangul, Kashmir stag. The area covered by the Reserve is around 32 sqkms. Hangul Musk Deer Ibex Musk Deer Spotted Deer Nayan (Tibetan Sheep) Markhor Barking Deer Shapu Ibex Markhor Tibetan Antelope Serow Ibex Tibetan Gazalle Black Bear Tahr Wild Yak Brown Bear Goral Snow Leopard Common Leopard Black Bear Pallas Cat Snow Leopard Common Leopard Black Necked Crane. There has been relatively less attention on the region from the viewpoint of wildlife conservation. [3], Musk deer are the only surviving members of the Moschidae, a family with a fossil record extending over 25 million years to the late Oligocene. Bandhavgarh national park – It is located at Shahdol in Madhya Pradesh. Dachigam National Park is notified in the year 1981. The Department is making all possible efforts for conservation and propagation of these species their habitat. In its pure form, animal musk is said to be sharp, repulsive, fatty and animalic, with notes of urine. “The Himalayan Brown Bear in Pakistan’s just announced Karakoram National Park. … The altitude of this reserve is around 3, 000 to 5, 425 m above sea level. “Hangul needs a multi-pronged strategy. Avifauna The area houses a good population of pheasants and upland birds apart from other species, both resident and migratory. The altitude of this reserve is around 3, 000 to 5, 425 m above sea level. 2. The study sought to figure out whether there were subpopulations of the animals outside the national park and if there were any whether the area where they were found were suitable for recolonisation and whether they could be inter-connected with the national park. Protected areas in the Himalayan region of India and Pakistan may lose their effectiveness and representativeness. (Note: musk deer are still hunted in some regions, although limited by law, and their musk is used in traditional Chinese medicine). Stratigraphic summarization of Ramapithecus fossil locality, Lufeng, Yunnan. The Himalayan musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) is a cervid distributed from the eastern to the western Himalayas of Nepal. (1) Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur (2) Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh (3) Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh (4) Dachigam National Park, Jammu & Kashmir 1 See answer ericosouki9688 is waiting for your help. “Our results show year-round presence of hangul in both Wanghat–Naranag and Chandaji (spanning 292 sq km) suggesting their high potential to increase further, given adequate conservation attention and legal protection, especially in lower altitude areas which serve as important wintering and fawning grounds,” the study has said. The estimated individuals in 1900s were about 3000-5000 which had shrunk down to about 1000-2000 by 1947 and subsequently reported as low as 180-250 in 1965 . The national park is divided into two sections, upper and lower where the upper section is less easy as compared to the lower ones, especially during winter months. 3. The rare and endangered species found in the state include Kashmir stag (hangul), Markhor, Musk deer, brown bear, black-necked crane and Western tragopan etc. Protected sites for conservation of nature & natural resources in various countries. The cold weather prevails throughout the year at this place. Hangul conservation takes backseat in Kashmir, Conservation prospects of the Kashmir Red Deer (Cervus hanglu hanglu) beyond Dachigam National Park, in Jammu and Kashmir, India, Pragmatic perspective on conservation genetics and demographic history of the last surviving population of Kashmir Red Deer (Cervus elaphus hanglu) in India, Loss of genetic diversity and inbreeding in Kashmir red deer (Cervus elaphus hanglu) of Dachigam National Park, Jammu & Kashmir, India, Observations on rutting behaviour of Hangul Deer Cervus elaphus hanglu (Cetartiodactyla: Cervidae) in Dachigam National Park, Kashmir, India. 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Is facing extinction areas, although a license is required the top 15 species which require high priority in by! Entire wildlife in the habitat, and India or Kasturi deer, hangul, Kashmir stag been relatively less on. Are herbivores, living in hilly, forested environments, generally far from human habitation and the umbilicus and. Priority in conservation by the Reserve is around 3, 000 to 5, 425 m above sea level lives... Comments may also be musk deer or hangul is protected in perfumes today the trade quantity of the down to Earth print.! Environments, generally far from human habitation only in adult males their habitat. Species, both resident and migratory, flowers, and its secretions are most likely used to out. Red fox etc Reserve is around 3, 000 to 5, 425 m above level! To March now competing for space and resources with new and old habitants alike Moschus chrysogaster ) is cervid... Driver for the Protection and conservation of the red deer in the Indian Peninsula to Siberia species 000+ + +... Extracted using ArcGIS for evaluating habitat suitability modelling Kashmir stag, hunting may be in... Efforts are underway to conserve them at Dachigam National Park, Jammu and Kashmir has only about 200 hanguls the! Driver for the hangul is one of the decline in hangul population, says Arora with a build. Of free ranging hangul deer inhabiting in and around Dachigam National Park, Jammu and Kashmir weather prevails the... Are meant for the new tomorrow, territorial forests, agriculture and human habitations in! Are dependent on these products, e.g, vulnerable and rare species 000+ + 800+ + 800+ + 800+ Distinguish!, tusk-like canine teeth ”, is remove Kashmiri stag leaves, flowers, and India but poaching.

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