Constantinople is also of great religious importance to Islam, as the conquest of Constantinople is one of the signs of the End time in Islam. When Mehmed II finally entered Constantinople through the Gate of Charisius (today known as Edirnekapı or Adrianople Gate), he immediately rode his horse to the Hagia Sophia, where after the doors were axed down, the thousands of citizens hiding within the sanctuary were raped and enslaved, often with slavers fighting each other to the death over particularly beautiful and valuable slave girls. Oryphas, the admiral of the Byzantine fleet, alerted the emperor Michael, who promptly put the invaders to flight; but the suddenness and savagery of the onslaught made a deep impression on the citizens. On his release, however, Romanus found that enemies had placed their own candidate on the throne in his absence; he surrendered to them and suffered death by torture, and the new ruler, Michael VII Ducas, refused to honour the treaty. The Venetians [...] seized treasures and carried them off to adorn [...] their town. The map above depicts the city as it would have looked during the Byzantine … He also granted funds for the restoration of the Church of the Holy Apostles, which had been seriously damaged in an earthquake.. a narrow strip of the Thracian shore at the mouth of the Pontos, The fact that Istanbul was surrounded by the sea on three sides made it impossible for the barbarians to take over the city. This contributed to cultural and theological differences between Eastern and Western Christianity eventually leading to the Great Schism that divided Western Catholicism from Eastern Orthodoxy from 1054 onwards. After the death of Justinian, Arabs, Slavs and Turks attacked the Byzantine borders. The importance of Constantinople increased, but it was gradual.  The Emperor achieved this by summoning former residents who had fled the city when the crusaders captured it, and by relocating Greeks from the recently reconquered Peloponnese to the capital. Yet, to the children of Caine, Constantinople is more than just another capital; and to three methuselahs the city is a bastion of hope, an accomplishment that will survive until the Last Night. 1 on p. 49. Before their departure, the ship of the commander Belisarius was anchored in front of the Imperial palace, and the Patriarch offered prayers for the success of the enterprise. Emperors were no longer peripatetic between various court capitals and palaces. In the second siege, the second ruler of Bulgaria, Khan Tervel, rendered decisive help. , The city provided a defence for the eastern provinces of the old Roman Empire against the barbarian invasions of the 5th century. Tension between the citizens and the Latin soldiers increased. For nine centuries, [...] the great city had been the capital of Christian civilisation. By the next day the Doge and the leading Franks were installed in the Great Palace, and the city was given over to pillage for three days. After the death of Theodosius, the empire was divided into east and west. Great bathhouses were built in Byzantine centers such as Constantinople and Antioch.. Alice-Mary Talbot cites an estimated population for Constantinople of 400,000 inhabitants; after the destruction wrought by the Crusaders on the city, about one third were homeless, and numerous courtiers, nobility, and higher clergy, followed various leading personages into exile. Rosenberg, Matt. In a short time, many important cities such as Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandria were lost. 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