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[227] The city hosts the Peachtree Road Race, the world's largest 10 km race, annually on Independence Day. [217] The city is also home to a Women's National Basketball Association franchise, the Atlanta Dream, who share the stadium with the Hawks. The New Great Migration brought an insurgence of African Americans from California[116] and the North to the Atlanta area. Atlanta most definetly the New York of the south, theres just no comparison. Information technology (IT) has become an increasingly important part of Atlanta's economic output, earning the city the nickname the "Silicon peach". [114][129] Atlanta's dialect has traditionally been a variation of Southern American English. ric mershon. The city's skyline grew taller with the construction of the Equitable, Flatiron, Empire, and Candler buildings. The peach develops from a single ovary that ripens into both a fleshy, juicy exterior that forms the edible part of the fruit and a hard interior, called the stone or pit, that encloses the seed(s). [253] 145 gangs operate in Atlanta. Georgia is known as the "Peach State" because of the growers' reputation for producing the highest quality fruit. The gentrification of Atlanta has its origins in the 1970s, after many of Atlanta's neighborhoods had declined and suffered the urban decay that affected other major American cities in the mid-20th century. [142] Many corporations are drawn to the city by its educated workforce; as of 2014[update], 45% of adults aged 25 or older residing in the city have at least 4-year college degrees, compared to the national average of 28%. [146] Delta Air Lines, the city's largest employer and the metro area's third-largest, operates the world's largest airline hub at Hartsfield-Jackson, and it has helped make it the world's busiest airport, in terms of both passenger traffic and aircraft operations. Most of the buildings that define the downtown skyline were designed by Portman during this period, including the Westin Peachtree Plaza and the Atlanta Marriott Marquis. [82] The city is situated among the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. Atlanta (/ætˈlæntə/) is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Georgia. twice in international friendlies. ", "20 Reasons Why Atlanta is America's Music Capital", "Remember 2 Chainz's Pink Trap House? [278] The facility offers air service to over 150 U.S. destinations and more than 75 international destinations in 50 countries, with over 2,500 arrivals and departures daily. Atlanta is known for hosting the 1996 Olympics, being the home of Coca-Cola and being the capital of the Georgia, the Peach State. In 2017, AFRD responded to over 100,000 calls for service over a coverage area of 135.7 square miles (351.5 square kilometres). What'll ya have at The Varsity. In 2012, the blueberry crop was more than three times as valuable as the peach crop. Perfect peaches; photo by liz west on Flickr (use permitted with attribution). The main attraction here is the street art; you’ll see all kinds of art decorating the buildings in the district. [101], Gentrification of the city's neighborhoods is one of the more controversial and transformative forces shaping contemporary Atlanta. Also completed during the era is the Portman-designed Bank of America Plaza built in 1992. [137] Atlanta formed a reputation for being a progressive place of tolerance after former mayor Ivan Allen Jr. dubbed it "the city too busy to hate" in the 1960s. [177], Atlanta has become one of the USA's best cities for street art in recent years. Atlanta is also home to many malls, including Lenox Square and Cumberland Mall in north Atlanta and Greenbriar Mall further south. [66], During the 2000s, Atlanta underwent a profound physical, cultural, and demographic transformation. [109] However, ice storms usually cause more problems than snowfall does, the most severe occurring on January 7, 1973. Atlanta holds claim to many other titles and is known for its sports teams, attractions and famous residents. With rapid expansion, however, it soon became the convergence point among multiple railroads, spurring its rapid growth. Sports are an important part of the culture of Atlanta. [147] Partly due to the airport, Atlanta has been also a hub for diplomatic missions; as of 2017[update], the city contains 26 consulates general, the seventh-highest concentration of diplomatic missions in the US.[148]. Name. As a result, a 2011 Brookings Institution study placed Atlanta 91st of 100 metro areas for transit accessibility. The term "SWATS" came into vogue around 1996 and was initially made popular by LaFace Records groups OutKast and Goodie Mob. [72], Between the mid-1990s and 2010, stimulated by funding from the HOPE VI program and under leadership of CEO Renee Lewis Glover (1994–2013),[73] the Atlanta Housing Authority demolished nearly all of its public housing, a total of 17,000 units and about 10% of all housing units in the city. The University of Georgia, chartered in 1785, is one of the top public research universities in the nation with "Highest Research Activity" and based about an hour away in Athens; however, the Atlanta Center of its Terry College of Business is in the Buckhead area of Atlanta and the university has a metropolitan Atlanta Gwinnett Campus that occupies 60,000 square feet of the Intellicenter. [192][193] On the other hand, Gone With the Wind (1939), Smokey and the Bandit (1977), Sharkey's Machine (1981), The Slugger's Wife (1985), Driving Miss Daisy (1989), ATL (2006), and Baby Driver (2017) are among several notable examples of films actually set in Atlanta. Following the announcement, the city government undertook several major construction projects to improve Atlanta's parks, sporting venues, and transportation infrastructure; however, for the first time, none of the $1.7 billion cost of the games was governmentally funded. The city council consists of 15 representatives—one from each of the city's 12 districts and three at-large positions. Atlanta's 343 parks, nature preserves, and gardens cover 3,622 acres (14.66 km2),[232] which amounts to only 5.6% of the city's total acreage, compared to the national average of just over 10%. [37][38] During the American Civil War, the nexus of multiple railroads in Atlanta made the city a strategic hub for the distribution of military supplies. [255], Emergency ambulance services are provided to city residents by hospital based Grady EMS (Fulton County),[256] and American Medical Response (DeKalb County). [252] Mexican drug cartels thrive in Atlanta. Vine City, though technically Northwest, adjoins the city's Downtown area and has recently been the target of community outreach programs and economic development initiatives. Crime is down across the country, but Atlanta's improvement has occurred at more than twice the national rate. [32], In 1836, the Georgia General Assembly voted to build the Western and Atlantic Railroad in order to provide a link between the port of Savannah and the Midwest. There, the nearly-million immigrants that make Atlanta home have established various authentic ethnic restaurants representing virtually every nationality on the globe. The primary network-affiliated television stations in Atlanta are WXIA-TV 11 (NBC), WGCL-TV 46 (CBS), WSB-TV 2 (ABC), and WAGA-TV 5 (Fox). Amtrak, the national rail passenger system, provides service to Atlanta via the Crescent train (New York–New Orleans), which stops at Peachtree Station. Travelers often believe trips to a big city require a big budget, but Atlanta proves that notion wrong. [265] In 2017 the number of children living in the annexed territory who attended public schools was nine.[266]. [ 69 ], African-American veterans returned from world War II seeking full rights in country... ( 351.5 square kilometres ) historic Landmark among the foothills of the projects 48 % in why is atlanta called the big peach... Wclk, a suburb northeast of the city 's public housing Brookings Institution placed. The property ; serving over 1 million passengers from over 100 different countries was originally founded as the sixth dangerous! 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