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All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, Immigration statistics, year ending September 2019, nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3, Back to ‘Immigration Statistics, year ending September 2019’ content page, ‘Immigration statistics, year ending June 2019’, Asylum applications, initial decisions and resettlement – Asy_D02, Asylum applications, initial decisions and resettlement – Asy_D01, Asylum applications, initial decisions and resettlement – Asy_D01 and Asy_D02, Outcome analysis of asylum applications – Asy_D04, Asylum appeals lodged and determined – Asy_D06 and Asy_D07, Asylum applications, initial decisions, and resettlement – Asy_D01 and Asy_D02, Community sponsorship scheme launched for refugees in the UK, Detailed asylum and resettlement datasets, MigrationStatsEnquiries@homeoffice.gov.uk, Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance and support, Check how the new Brexit rules affect you, Transparency and freedom of information releases, Asylum applications and initial decisions, including UASC, 11,596 were granted asylum (up 68%); there were notable increases in grants to Iranian (up 1,348), Sudanese (up 890), Eritrean (up 839), Turkish (up 487) and Afghan (up 464) nationals, 1,099 were granted humanitarian protection (up 3%); over half of these (622) were granted to Libyan nationals, 1,179 were granted alternative forms of leave following an application for asylum (down 2%), 5,606 were granted protection through resettlement schemes (down 6%). Please include the words ‘PUBLICATION FEEDBACK’ in the subject of your email. Data for individual quarters in this period have been estimated by taking 25% of the annual total. As at the end of June 20… ... five bathroom property in Los Feliz area in 2019 for $4.1 million To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. However, the final grant rate is likely to be higher than 50% for year ending September 2019, given that the grant rate at initial decision is higher than it has been in previous years. The data are used to assess the trends in numbers of people seeking and being granted protection, the impact of policy changes, and to understand the demographics of those coming to the UK to claim protection. Data relate to the year ending September 2019 and all comparisons are with the year ending September 2018, unless indicated otherwise. Germany is way out ahead with 148,000, followed by Sweden, Italy, France and the UK (18,000). Registered office: Gredley House, 11 Broadway, Stratford, E15 4BQ, United Kingdom VAT reg no: 936 519 988 Page 1 of 5 Information Asylum Seekers in Europe May 2019 The main source of data covering Europe as a whole is the Eurostat database. Further details can be found in the user guide. The UK offered protection – in the form of grants of asylum, humanitarian protection, alternative forms of leave and resettlement – to 17,304 people in the year ending March 2019 (up 22% compared with the previous year). You can change your cookie settings at any time. ‘Other nationalities’ includes all nationalities that do not feature in the top 5 in the latest year. Are there many refugees and asylum seekers in the UK? There are a few different ways to quantify the number of asylum seekers in the UK. The figures show 562 migrants were detected attempting to cross the channel in 2018, of these, 297 arrived in the UK. The majority (82%) were located in England, with smaller supported populations in Scotland (9%), Wales (6%) and Northern Ireland (2%). See section 7 of the ‘About this release’ section for more details. An additional 3,857 individuals were in receipt of support under Section 4 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, down 5% from the previous year. We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. The first is the number of people who apply for asylum each year. Data on initial decisions will not reflect the total number of people granted protection through asylum routes as some initial decisions may be overturned following appeal. At the end of March 2019, 45,643 asylum seekers in the UK were in receipt of support under Section 95 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, up 8% from the same time the previous year. Details of the scheme can be found in the ‘About the statistics’ section. Data from the Home Office ‘cohort’ analysis, published annually in Asylum table as_06, show that the final grant rate typically increases to around 50% following appeal (based on data from 2014 to 2016). The data are used to assess the trends in numbers of people seeking and being granted protection, the impact of policy changes, and to understand the demographics of those coming to the UK to claim protection. The UK was therefore below the average among EU countries for asylum applications per head of … Of those that commonly claim asylum in the UK, nationals from Libya (95%) and Syria (88%) typically have high grant rates at initial decision, while nationals of India (4%), China (6%), and Bangladesh (9%) typically have low grant rates at initial decision. The UK Community Sponsorship scheme was launched on 19 July 2016. Since it began in 2014, 18,252 people (mainly Syrian nationals) have been resettled under the scheme. – At the end of June 2019, 45,203 asylum seekers in the UK were in receipt of support under Section 95 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, up 6% from the same time the previous year. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. If we assume that the number of asylum applications in last quarter of 2019 equals the average number of applications so far, that would mean that 630,000 would have been filed in 2019.) We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. Of these, 41,214 (93%) were in receipt of both accommodation and subsistence, and 2,942 (7%) in receipt of subsistence only. Since Community Sponsorship began in July 2016, 397 refugees have been resettled by community sponsor groups. Grants at initial decision. The latest Asylum statistics produced by Eurostat show the number of asylum applications to EU member states fell by 10% in 2018, although this was driven by falls in applications to Italy and Germany. The data show the number of people in receipt of support on a given day, but do not show the length of time for which someone receives support or the amount of support they receive. In the latest year, there were notable increases in asylum applications to the UK from: There were 3,223 applications from UASCs, 31% more than the previous year. Further details can be found in the user guide. That gives a total of 15,891 people granted asylum in the UK in 2018, of whom 13,442 were refugees. More… Around half of those entering immigration detention have claimed asylum in the UK. Since the scheme began in July 2016, 281 refugees have been resettled by community sponsor groups. The Home Office received around 49,000 asylum applications in that time. Of these, 40% (or 6,964) were children. Top 10 facts from the latest statistics on refugees and people seeking asylum 31,752 Asylum applications made in the last 12 months 1. No. Resettlement data prior to 2013 are only available annually. shares. To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. The methodology used to compile Eurostat data differs from that used in this release. The UK Government offered asylum to 20,703 people in 2019, but many of these are claims were started before 2019, as there is a significant backlog of asylum cases which have not been decided. Grant rates vary by nationality. This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-september-2019/how-many-people-do-we-grant-asylum-or-protection-to. Of these, 91,307 (96%) resulted in a grant. Official figures showed that in September, 76% of people awaiting a decision on their asylum claim had been waiting for more than six months, up from 58% in September 2019. Data on resettlement and support, broken down by local authority, can help local authorities understand the demands on their services and resources to aid with planning. Data on age disputes are published in Asylum tables, volume 3. UK asylum seekers: More than 9,000 are now living in 91 hotels across the country. Data from the Home Office ‘cohort’ analysis, published annually in Outcome analysis of asylum applications – Asy_D04, show that the final grant rate has typically increased to over half following appeal (based on data from 2015 to 2017). You’ve accepted all cookies. Grants at initial decision. The scheme allows community groups to support refugee families directly and aims to help them become self-sufficient and integrated members of the community. This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2019/how-many-people-do-we-grant-asylum-or-protection-to. Around 677,000 people moved to the UK in 2019, either as immigrants or to work or study in the short-term. Across the EU28 there were 14 asylum applications for every 10,000 people. Alternative forms of protection include humanitarian protection, discretionary leave, UASC leave, leave outside the rules, and grants under family and private life rules. Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone. Figure 1: Grants1 of asylum, alternative forms of leave2, and resettlement3 in the UK, years ending September 2010 to 20194, Source: Asylum applications, initial decisions and resettlement – Asy_D02. A more detailed annual summary, which also includes a cohort analysis providing the grant rates following appeal, can be found in ‘Immigration statistics, year ending June 2018’. The UK Community Sponsorship scheme was launched on 19 July 2016. At the end of September 2019, 44,156 asylum seekers in the UK were in receipt of support under Section 95 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, up 2% from the same time the previous year. After Brexit, London will no longer have access to … Data on age disputes are published in Asylum applications, initial decisions, and resettlement – Asy_D01 and Asy_D02. Further details can be found in the user guide. These figures are a subset of those published under the VPRS and VCRS and are not in addition to those resettled under these schemes. How many asylum seekers are there in the UK? In 2017, there were 26,350 asylum applications made in the UK. Most of them were to Germany, Italy and France – countries that repeatedly handle far more asylum applications than the UK. There will come a point where an asylum seeker or other migrant will be eligible for settled status. For more information and the latest statistics, read our annual Asylum … Initial decisions may, therefore, relate to an application made in an earlier period, and thus the two are not directly comparable. In the year ending March 2019, 39% of initial decisions on asylum applications were grants of asylum, humanitarian protection or alternative forms of leave (such as discretionary leave or UASC leave), compared with 30% in the previous year. Changes are relative to the year ending September 2018. The majority (83%) were located in England, with smaller supported populations in Scotland (9%), Wales (6%) and Northern Ireland (2%). A further 687 were resettled under the Vulnerable Children Resettlement Scheme (VCRS) over the last year. You’ve accepted all cookies. This was the first time the number of asylum applications increased year-to-year since 2015. Home Office policies deliberately set out to frustrate asylum seekers so that they leave the United Kingdom. Of these, 41,214 (93%) were in receipt of both accommodation and subsistence, and 2,942 (7%) in receipt of subsistence only. This is equivalent to 0.6% of the UK’s total 2019 resident population of around 67 million. This was the highest number of people granted protection in the UK in a single year since the year ending September 2003. Section 4 provides support for individuals whose claim has been refused and who have exhausted their appeal rights, but who are destitute and are temporarily unable to leave the UK. Section 98 support is provided to asylum seekers on a short-term basis while their application for section 95 support is considered. Some of the UK’s near neighbours such as France, Netherlands and Belgium, along with Greece and Spain, all saw increases. In 2019, 676 300 asylum seekers applied for international protection in the 27 current Member States of the European Union (EU-27), up by 11.2 % compared with 2018. A further 3,049 individuals were in receipt of support under Section 98, 46% more than the year before. There were 34,354 asylum applications in the UK (main applicants only) in the year ending September 2019, 22% more than the previous year and the highest level since the year ending June 2016, around the time of the European migration crisis. Section 4 provides support for individuals whose claim has been refused and who have exhausted their appeal rights, but who are destitute and are temporarily unable to leave the UK. Data on Family reunion visas come from a different administrative system to other visa data so are not directly comparable. ... said she worked with many asylum seekers arriving by boat. ratios of asylum seekers to residents have told the Government that the situation is unacceptable. MORE than 50,000 rejected asylum seekers still remain in the UK illegally, according to the Home Office’s former head of immigration enforcement, who claims thousands seek to … We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. At the end of 2019, there were approximately 4.2 million people around the world waiting for a decision on their asylum claims. We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. See section 7 of the ‘About this release’ section for more details. There were 31,589 asylum applications in the UK (main applicants only) in the year ending March 2019, 18% more than the previous year but below the level seen in the year ending March 2016 during the European migration crisis. The UK received the 6th highest number of applications of all EU member states in 2018. How many asylum seekers are there in the UK? All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2019, nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3, Back to ‘Immigration Statistics, year ending March 2019’ content page, ‘Immigration statistics, year ending June 2018’, MigrationStatsEnquiries@homeoffice.gov.uk, Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance and support, Check how the new Brexit rules affect you, Transparency and freedom of information releases, Asylum applications and initial decisions, including unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC), 9,191 grants of asylum (up 34%), with notable changes in grants to Turkish (up 446), Afghan (up 299), Iranian (up 294), Eritrean (up 268), Sudanese (up 193) and Syrian (down 145) nationals, 1,192 grants of humanitarian protection (more than doubled), driven predominantly by an increase in grants to Libyan nationals (up 439), 1,127 grants of alternative forms of leave following an application for asylum (up 15%), 5,794 people provided protection under resettlement schemes (a similar number to the previous year). These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made. The total number of individuals granted protection includes grants related to an asylum application (grants of asylum or alternative protection) and resettlement. At the end of March 2019, 45,643 asylum seekers in the UK were in receipt of support under Section 95 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, up 8% from the same time the previous year. UASC data includes those treated as an unaccompanied minor for at least one day between the date of application and the date of initial decision. Data on resettlement and support, broken down by local authority, can help local authorities understand the demands on their services and resources to aid with planning. The methodology used to compile Eurostat data differs from that used in this release. Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. As per government statistics, there were 94,762 decisions on applications for settlement in the UK from non-EEA nationals in 2019, similar to the previous year. Of those nationalities that commonly claim asylum in the UK, Libyans (95%) and Syrians (88%) typically have high grant rates at initial decision, while nationals of India (5%), China (9%) and Bangladesh (14%) typically have very low grant rates. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Since it began in 2014, 15,977 people have been resettled under the scheme. Of these, 42,597 (93%) were in receipt of both accommodation and subsistence, and 3,046 (7%) in receipt of subsistence only. Some UASC applicants may subsequently be found to be an adult following conclusion of an age dispute. e-mail; 6.3k. Family reunion visas are a subset of the ‘Family: other’ visa category, published in the visa tables, of which around 99% relate to Family reunion visas. Data referred to here can be found in the following tables: If you have any comments or suggestions for the development of this report, please provide feedback by emailing MigrationStatsEnquiries@homeoffice.gov.uk. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Data relate to the year ending March 2019 and all comparisons are with the year ending March 2018, unless indicated otherwise. The Vulnerable Person Resettlement Scheme (VPRS) accounted for three-quarters (4,328) of those resettled in the UK in the year ending March 2019. France, Greece, Spain, Netherlands, and Belgium all saw increases. Not surprisingly, applicants who were not represented by an attorney and thus less able to present an effective case received a faster decision than those applicants who did have an attorney. To view this licence, visit nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3 or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: psi@nationalarchives.gov.uk. Grant rates vary considerably by nationality as the protection requirements of specific nationalities vary, which will impact how legitimate an individual’s right to protection is deemed to be. But many asylum applicants waited even longer: a quarter of applicants waited 1,421 days, or nearly four years, for their asylum decision. In 2019, Britain used this system to ask for more than 3,000 transfers, but only 263 were actually made. Further details can be found on Community sponsorship scheme launched for refugees in the UK. ‘Invalid applications for support and support type not yet known’ are cases that have been deemed invalid or which have not yet been assessed. Figures on international asylum applications are based on data supplied by the individual countries to the Intergovernmental Consultations on Migration, Asylum and Refugees (IGC), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and Eurostat. Grant rate is the proportion of initial decisions which resulted in a grant of protection or other leave. That said, last year bucked the trend. Of these, 56% had lived in the UK for sixteen years or more. Figure 2 compares represented and non-represented asylum cases. Of those resettled under the VPRS and VCRS in the year ending March 2019, 173 refugees were resettled in the UK through the Community Sponsorship scheme. In the year ending September 2019, 48% of initial decisions on asylum applications were grants of asylum, humanitarian protection or alternative forms of leave (such as discretionary leave or UASC leave), compared with 30% in the previous year. Please include the words ‘PUBLICATION FEEDBACK’ in the subject of your email. Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January 2019 - December 2019 In 2019, 73 children were detained for immigration purposes, down from around 1,100 in 2009. Some UASC applicants may subsequently be found to be an adult following conclusion of an age dispute. Grant rate is based on year of initial decision and is not directly comparable to applications, which are based on the date the asylum application was made. More than 4,000 of these individuals, almost 9% of the total, were living in Glasgow City Council with Liverpool, Birmingham, Cardiff and Newcastle city councils all home to more than 1,000 people seeking asylum. According to UNHCR statistics, at the end of 2019 there were 133,094 refugees, 61,968 pending asylum cases and 161 stateless persons in the UK. The ex-Prime Minister Theresa May mentioned in 2012 ‘The aim is to create here in Britain a hostile environment for illegal migration’. That’s not an accident. The majority (82%) were located in England, with smaller supported populations in Scotland (9%), Wales (6%) and Northern Ireland (2%). Of these, 42,182 (93%) were in receipt of either accommodation only or both accommodation and subsistence, and 3,021 (7%) were in receipt of subsistence only. Friday 11 January 2019 11:33, UK. Further details can be found in the user guide. Although … ‘Invalid applications for support and support type not yet known’ are cases that have been deemed invalid or which have not yet been assessed. More… From 2010 to 2019, citizens of ten countries contributed over half of all people entering immigration detention. Eurostat’s range of asylum statistics can be used for comparisons across the EU. This section provides information on those applying for and granted protection in the UK through both asylum and resettlement routes, as well as information on the numbers in receipt of asylum support. Further details can be found on the GOV.UK page. This is the largest backlog recorded in asylum statistics. Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned. Actual number of grants at final decision (following appeal) will be higher. An additional 3,857 individuals were in receipt of s… The UK is a hostile environment for asylum seekers. Data on Family reunion visas come from a different administrative system to other visa data so are not directly comparable. Eurostat depends on statistics supplied by the equivalent of the Home Office in each country. Additionally, 6,035 Family reunion visas were issued to partners and children of those previously granted asylum or humanitarian protection in the UK (up 3%). We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. In 2019, there were around 5 asylum applications for every 10,000 people resident in the UK. The UK offered protection – in the form of asylum, humanitarian protection, alternative forms of leave and resettlement – to 19,480 people in the year ending September 2019 (up 28% compared with the previous year). The US Government says it anticipates processing up to 310,000 refugees and asylum seekers in 2019. A more detailed annual summary, which also includes a cohort analysis providing the grant rates following appeal, can be found in ‘Immigration statistics, year ending June 2019’. Further details can be found in the user guide. The total number of people offered protection in the year ending March 2019 comprised: Additionally, 5,662 Family reunion visas were issued to partners and children of those previously granted asylum or humanitarian protection in the UK (down 2%). At the end of June 2019, 45,203 asylum seekers in the UK were in receipt of support under Section 95 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, up 6% from the same time the previous year. In 2018, 37,453 people applied for asylum. This compared with 198,255 applications made in Germany, 126,550 in … Data on the number of appeals lodged, and their outcomes, are published in Asylum appeals lodged and determined – Asy_D06 and Asy_D07. More… Initial decisions may, therefore, relate to an application made in an earlier period, and thus the two are not directly comparable. Past requests and … Data on asylum applications relate to the period in which the application was lodged, and initial decisions relate to the period in which the decision was made. UASCs accounted for 10% of total asylum applications in the latest year. Top 5 nationalities in the year ending September 2019. Further information can be found here. At the end of September 2019, 44,156 asylum seekers in the UK were in receipt of support under Section 95 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999, up 2% from the same time the previous year. 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