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In just about any film class, the first example of parallel editing you’ll learn about is from 1903’s The Great Train Robbery. Choosing the Right Skateboard to Pair with a Gimbal, The Pitfalls of Making A No-Budget Short Film During COVID, Create a Cyberpunk 2077-Inspired Boot-up Display in After Effects, Five Photography Books to Inspire Raw Cinematography. Reply. Between the two shots, one certainly catches your attention more than the other. High contrast photos pop out, show textures in the subject and give a feeling of edginess, high energy and strength. Contrast is simply difference, and in film, contrast usually alludes to tone, and tone denotes the brightness of objects. Think of a landscape shot — the dull colors are lower in contrast and the vibrant colors are higher in contrast. This technique was also used to give additional exposition to the narrative of the film. In order to showcase the contrast between Michael’s declaration and what he has asked his henchmen to do, Coppola utilizes parallel editing. The Killing, for example, is a very somber series that deals with dark themes — the low contrast adds to the bleak world the filmmakers are creating. In this shot from Hannibal S01, E01, we can see high contrast. Experience the best TheBeat has to offer. Result: the audience sees a kindly old man. The use of this technique was incredibly well done in the film, and it’s widely regarded (in terms of historical value) as it was one of the first films to have simultaneous action. The 5 editing techniques are below. A film is written thrice — in pre-production through screenwriting, in production through shooting, and in post-production through editing. Contrast is a key element to convey certain moods through your images. For use in Premiere, Final Cut Pro, and After Effects. Starting from avant-garde and Soviet films in the 20s, discontinuity editing has sought to create an alternative to continuity practices, privileging meaning over time/space. A great example of the motivated use of parallel editing comes from The Silence of the Lambs. END OF FILM. The hard cut is the basic type of cut in editing. By doing so, you’ll be able to judge your contrast better. Just like with any camera composition or editing technique, there needs to be motivation behind it — a reason to utilize it. What Does It Take to Join a Motion Picture Industry Guild. Filmmakers such as John Ford, Steven Spielberg, Stanley Kubrick, Martin Scorsese, and Christopher Nolan utilize parallel editing almost routinely today. There might not be anything inherently wrong with them, but they lack tonal difference. Mastering this technique will come in handy when you need to increase the tension and pace of a film, while also giving the audience more in-depth visual information for the narrative. Conversely, if tones of similar value are near each other, we see affinity (similarity). Parallel editing is a specific cross cutting technique that creates a narrative parallel that the viewer may compare and contrast. A great example of this value can be seen in the The Godfather. The film cuts back and forth between the sacred ritual and the murders happening. This may be why you find your images flat. His pure cinema consisted of three shots—close-up, POV, reaction (close-up). So, where is the value in using parallel editing and when should it be used? Director Christopher Nolan uses the technique specifically to help convey multiple dream states within the narrative. Contrast 2. We can see contrast when tones of opposite values are near each other. The word montage is French for “assembly” or “editing.”. For example, let us contrast two recent films: Prisoners with Hugh Jackman and Jake Gyllenhaal, and Snitch with Dwayne ‘The Rock’ Johnson. It’s important to note, however, that there are times when low contrast serves the story or production. The film editor works with the raw footage, selecting shots and combining them into sequences which create a finished motion picture. In 1915’s Birth of a Nation, director D.W. Griffith uses parallel editing to build dramatic tension, as well as build the relationships of characters within the world. An editing technique that allows the audience to first hear audio from a shot, and then see it. In this film, director Edwin S. Porter and his editor utilize the technique of parallel editing to build suspense and cinematic flow. The Standard. Hannibal, on the other hand, is a very stylized production, and the high contrast serves the artistic direction of the show. Let’s have a look at this in practice using two TV shows. Photo editing by using apps or softwares like Lightroom I think will help a lot later on. The darkest tone is completely black, and the lightest tone is a light gray. If you want to evaluate your tonal range more accurately, take a black and white photograph, or switch the LCD to monochrome. However, if you were to take the darkest and lightest tones and pair them, the tones create a stark contrast. He named them as follows: 1. Let’s look at these two questions and try to find some answers. Parallelism 3. I'm of course cherry picking with that example...but as a film editor...I've cut 7 feature films and the biggest lesson I've learned is this. It appears dull, even though you shot it with a great camera. For example, in The Silence of the Lambs , Agent Starling is searching the interior of Buffalo Bill's house. Blues and dark reds could set an appropriate tone for Gothic horror like vampire stories . An editing changeover between one shot and another in film, where the visual and audio shift at different times. The value in using parallel editing is that the technique adds another layer of suspense or pacing to the narrative. This composition is what creates the mood of the image. However, Griffith’s groundbreaking techniques would be overshadowed by the rightful criticism of the film’s controversial depiction of slavery and racism. One of the classic problem shots is a wedding, with the bride in snow white clothes, the groom in jet black clothes, and it is desired to hold detail in both. Because of this specific narrative, nearly the entire film is one long series of parallel edits. O ne of the most fundamental aspects of the medium of film is the ability to edit and rearrange images and shots to create a story. Have you ever set up a shot but felt there was something missing from the image itself? If there’s a large difference between the tonal value, the contrast is high. In just about any film class, the first example of parallel editing you’ll learn about is from 1903’s The Great Train Robbery. But in reality, you want to consider how you’re going to work with tonal values before the camera has even started rolling (this is where contrast with lighting comes into play). warm vs. cool), complementary colors live opposite each other on the color wheel. Do take note that it is not enough to make general statements about how awesome or awful the movie is, you must support your claim with evidence in the film. Also called a split edit. An example of this can be seen from ‘The Godfather’. For said examples, we’ll be using excerpts from various films — but keep in mind that you can use these same cuts in any editing session, be it narrative, documentary, commercial, industrial, or even animation. You also can’t just throw a parallel edit in a film for no reason. From Film Theory and Criticism by Vsevold Pudovkin as included on pages 46 and 47 of Cinematic Storytelling by Jennifer Van Sijll In the 1920’s Vsevold Pudovkin set down five editing techniques that remain the foundation of modern day cutting. We’ll dive deeper into Hitchcock and his juxtaposition examples in editing. Experience the best TheBeat has to offer. For example, if one character is scrubbing toilets while the other is riding a jet ski across a scenic lake, the visuals will create an undeniably powerful narrative point of view through the use of editing both scenes next to and in between each other. Examples of notables include locations, faulty or beautiful dialogues, quotes that appeal to you, poorly made speeches, bloopers, editing errors and so on. In the beginning, films were single-shot pieces -- a woman dancing, a baby eating, a train arriving to a station. With most films that utilize parallel editing, the corresponding scenes will eventually meet or have some sort of connecting action. They have long, full tonal ranges but can lack punch in anything less than fairly bright light, unless the subject matter suits the low to moderate contrast. Try experimenting with tonal evaluation on your next project, and see if it brings more depth to your visuals. The difficulty in editing and film in general is to be both effective and efficient at the same time. In this scene he is ordering murders whilst he renounces Devil during a baptism. 1. There’s one technique that tends to stand out from the myriad editing techniques used by pros: parallel editing aka cross cutting. Image: The Godfather via Paramount Pictures. One of the most famous recent uses of the technique is found in Inception. The responsibilities and skills of the job of a film Editor in editing involves rhythm, instinct, emotion, psychology, art- and it draws from the total talent of one person, the editor, who collaborates with the director to create a cumulative sensory event. However, in this shot from The Killing S03, E12,  there is little tonal variation. Some examples of conceptual contrast are old and new, big or small, even artificial and natural. However, when Buffalo Bill answers the door, we realize that agents aren’t on his front step — but Clarice Starling is. First, a brief history of parallel editing. The greater the affinity in a visual component, the more the visual intensity or dynamic decreases. Please share them in the comments below! Example of complementary color pallettes in film: Amelie Contrasting drama (i.e. From there, we’ll determine the value of using parallel editing, as well as when it should be utilized. 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