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He gave this speech during a funeral for Athenian soldiers that died in the first year of the brutal Peloponnesian War against Sparta, Athens’s chief rival. In a democracy, where all citizens are legally equal, there are still differences between rich and poor. Thucydides would have written the funeral oration some time after the actual speech, giving him ample time to reword and edit anything he pleased. Modern parallels of the Pericles' Funeral Oration. Relevance. Athens and its ally, king-led Sparta, defeated the Persians at different times over the next 20 years. Scholars found a written record of this speech. How does this compare with other Greek views on the subject? neither is poverty an obstacle; a man … What would Pericles say about such differences in the United States — for example, in our system of military service? Much better to die when you're being courageous and patriotic. English. He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. Peloponnesian War 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides was an Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War. and find homework help for other Pericles questions at eNotes Delete Quiz. After falling from power, he wrote his account of the war from his point of view. Compare Antigone and Pericles funeral oration or the Melian dialogue. This section may lend undue weight to the Gettysburg Address. Favorite Answer. Test Quiz. Pericles' "Funeral Oration" supposedly delivered in winter, 430 General DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. Pericles eulogized … [1] Such was the end of these men; they were worthy of Athens, and the living need not desire to have a more heroic spirit, although they may pray for a less fatal issue. Write a 500-word discussion, with references to the appropriate sections of Pericles’ Funeral Oration: 37(1), 40(1), and 42(2). 2. Practice biography and history online test and questions for social studies students and teachers. History of the Peloponnesian War: Pericles' Funeral Oration DRAFT. Oration Pericles' Funeral Oration painted by Philipp Foltz in 1852. Any one can discourse to you for ever about the advantages of a brave defence, which you know already. [6] To a man of spirit, cowardice and disaster coming together are far more bitter than death striking him unperceived at a time when he is full of courage and animated by the general hope. 4. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Pericles . Aristotle's 'Athenian Constitution' is thought to have been a copy of the original … 7 years ago. Certainly citizens were expected to fight for their city, but actually falling in love with the city is Pericles' own idea. 3) What is the attitude of Athens toward her empire and other poleis of Greece? The funeral oration was spoken after the first year of the Peloponnesian war to commemorate those that had died in the war. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS for … Part Two: Essay (45 points) Choose among the questions below to reply to. 2 Answers. Pericles is called upon to give a funeral oration for those who have died in the Peloponnesian War. The most important thing to remember about the Funeral Oration is that it is a speech, intended to persuade its listeners. "Pericles’ Funeral Oration And Last Speech as Political Documents" published on 01 Jan 1998 by Brill. 0. There has never been a time when they did not inhabit this land, which by their valor they will have handed down from generation to generation, and we have received from them a free state. The main reason he recorded the funeral oration of Pericles is that is was different in form from previous funeral orations. Correct answers: 1 question: Read this quotation from pericles’s funeral oration in ancient athens. Men Who Understand Their Duties Men Who Like Adventure All Of These Are Correct. TERMS IN THIS SET (74) No finer expression of the ideas of democracy exists than the famous Funeral Oration delivered by who in honor of the Athenians who fell fighting Sparta during the first year (431 B.C.) Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech throughout the war, in 430 BC. However, it started as an ancient Greek art form. X Your answer: For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Pericles webquest print page. Understanding the Passage (Key Questions). First, he was the leading citizen of Athens at that time and his vision guided the Athenians’ early actions in the war. Hence, in this case, the early society that is described in this excerpt widely known as ATHENIAN SOCIETY Below is a summary. Its Administration Favours The Many Instead Of The Few; This Is Why It Is Called A Democracy. Pericles eulogized Athens itself, using the occasion to rally Athens and Athenians by reminding them of their traditions, beliefs, and glory. Then, they work with a small group to paraphrase this complex speech into modern language. You will find all the answers you need in the text and introduction to the Penguin Classics edition of Thucydides' History of the Pelopponesian War. Solo Practice. He is now talking (at last) about the men who have died, and how they should be taken as a model and inspiration for those who have survived. This quiz is incomplete! Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech during the war, in 430 BC. Lv 7. What effect do you think the whole speech would have had on the audience? I have not answered one of the questions, because I can't seem to come up with an answer. Pericles Was Widely Seen As The Leader Of Athens. Play. 0 2 0. After falling from vigor, he wrote his account of the struggle from his factor of view. It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. Relevance. Pericles' funeral oration is considered to be a valuable speech on the importance of democracy and a sneak peek into the way the people of Athens lived. Pericles’ Funeral Oration, given during the first year of hostilities, is related within Thucydides’ account of the Peloponnesian War, which details a year-by-year history of the conflict between Athens and Sparta through 411 BCE. Source(s): https://shorte.im/bbGNy. Pericles' funeral oration is a speech written by Thucydides for his history of the Peloponnesian War. Many historians believe that Thucydides likely edited the speech to some extent. Hi view the full answer In the “Gettysburg Address”, Lincoln subsequently also … Favorite Answer . 1 Thucydides, Pericles' Funeral Oration I will speak first of our ancestors, for it is right and seemly that now, when we are lamenting the dead, a tribute should be paid to their memory. Question 3 The author of the document is Athenian historian, Thucydides Question 4 According to the author, Athenians are set apart from their neighbors and adversaries through; Their Constitution, does not copy laws of … Peloponnesian War 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides was an Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War. They lived the Homeric Classical Ideal of life. The most important thing to … Pericles's Funeral Oration. Pericles's funeral oration was recorded by the Athenian historian Thucydides (c. 460–c. Please help improve it by rewriting it in a balanced fashion that contextualizes different points of view. In the speech, Pericles describes the superior qualities of Athenian democracy as compared with … I had to read about the Pericles' Funeral oration. It is often referred to as Assembly of the People. Funeral orations are generally formal in nature and their themes sometimes extend beyond the deaths of the people who are being mourned. But instead of listening to him I would have you day by day fix your eyes upon the greatness of Athens, until you become filled with the love of her; and when you are impressed by the spectacle of her glory, reflect that this empire has been acquired by men who knew their duty and had the courage to do it, who in the hour of conflict had the fear of dishonour always present to them, and who, if ever they failed in an enterprise, would not allow their virtues to be lost to their country, but freely gave their lives to her as the fairest offering which they could present at her feast. 7 years ago. Queens Road Special editions of the Funeral Oration were published in Britain in the First World War, and quotations from it appear on many war memorials and are used in memorial services. a year ago. Pericles was widely seen as the leader of Athens. In this activity, students will read Pericles' famous "Funeral Oration," as recorded by the historian Thucydides and answer comprehension questions. Finish Editing. Editors Note: Democracy had its beginnings in Athens around 500 B.C. Answer to: Why did Pericles give the Funeral Oration? Pericles delivers the oration not only to bury the dead, but to praise democracy. Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy. Get an answer for 'In his funeral oration, Pericles described Athens as the "school of Hellas." "Funeral Oration" supposedly delivered in winter, 430 (from Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, book 2) Retold in English by Stan Rummel Section 01: Thucydides' Introduction In the same winter the Athenians gave a funeral at the public cost to those who had first fallen in this war. Introduction to the Funeral Oration. The Funeral Oration of Pericles The excerpt below is taken from Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War. of the Peloponnesian War? "Pericles’ Funeral Oration And Last Speech as Political Documents" published on 01 Jan 1998 by Brill. In spite of his often jingoistic faith in Athens, Pericles is indeed right in assuming that “the admiration of the present and succeeding ages will be [Athens’s]”. This question hasn't been … University of Bristol For this discussion, in one … Pericles’ funeral oration to the Athenians at the end of the first year of war. Login to reply the answers Post; Lomax. History Biography Geography Science Games. Why should citizens fight to defend their city, in Pericles' view? Pericles is called upon to give a funeral oration for those who have died in the Peloponnesian War. One of the most famous of these speeches is Pericles' Funeral Oration.In this speech, Pericles mourned the deaths of soldiers in the beginning battles of the Peloponnesian War. 1 Answer. 55% average accuracy. Look for answers to questions raised in your reading. Practice. How is the speech structured? Homework. It is true that we are called a democracy, because power is in the hands of the many and not the few . Even today we view this ancient city as the birthplace of the values of equality and … Pericles’ funeral oration summary. Feel free to con Oration Pericles' Funeral Oration painted by Philipp Foltz in 1852. [citation needed] The speech is full of rhetorical devices, such as antithesis, anacoluthon, asyndeton, anastrophe, hyperbaton, and others; most famously the rapid succession of proparoxytone words beginning with e … and find homework help for other Pericles questions at eNotes Thucydides' Greek is notoriously difficult, but the language of Pericles Funeral Oration is considered by many to be the most difficult and virtuosic passage in the History of the Peloponnesian War. View Set. . ), Thucydides (Oxford, 2009) – originally published in 1958. The Athenian historian Thucydides included the speech in his book the … In the second section of his speech he turns from talking about the war dead to talking about Athens and its people. After falling from power, he wrote his account of the war from his point of view. 5. 8 years ago. Tricky. Pericles’ Funeral Oration (With Corresponding Questions) Pericles (around 495-429 B.C.E.) rolomoore77 rolomoore77 12/10/2020 History High School Read this quotation from Pericles’s Funeral Oration in ancient Athens. Question and answer “History of the Peloponnesian War: Pericles’ Funeral Oration:” What is most likely the speaker’s reason for addressing the mourners of the war dead? Lv 4. The Ancient Greek historian Thucydides recorded a speech made by the Athenian leader Pericles in honor of those who died fighting Sparta in the first year of The Peloponnesian war (431 B.C). He have this speech to honor Athenians who had died in the Peloponnesian War. Peloponnesian War 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides was an Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War. Finally, as an extension or homework activity, students will answer reflection questions on the themes of the speech. Pericles … Questions on this quiz are based on information from Pericles. Indeed, as Pericles argues in sections 5-6, if you're prosperous and successful you should be less afraid of death than someone who is poor and wretched; the unfortunate man hasn't got much honour or much hope of improving his situation, whereas the fortunate man runs the constant risk as long as he's alive that his fortunes will change and he'll suffer the abject humilation of losing everything. Disagreement about “who is mourned,” “who gets to mourn them,” and “how should this mourning occur,” are significant issues in these two texts. He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. The Athenians would go on to lose the war with Sparta. The Funeral Oration was recognised as a rhetorical masterpiece, and so from the sixteenth century onwards it was often included in collections of ancient speeches that were used to teach students the principles of rhetoric. War And Peace Wealth And Poverty First Words The Eye Athenian Democracy. Edit. Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech during the war, in 430 BC. Pericles eulogized … Question 1 The excerpt came from Thucydides’, “Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War” document. The Ancient Greek historian Thucydides recorded a speech made by the Athenian leader Pericles in honor of those who died fighting Sparta in the first year of The Peloponnesian war (431 B.C). Its content could be more problematic. As for the idea that a noble death means eternal glory, this contrasts with the depiction of the afterlife in Homer's Odyssey (Book XI), where Achilles declares he'd rather be a living wage-labourer than a dead hero. Hmm, strange question really, with a long answer. Test your knowledge of funeral oration with an interactive quiz and printable worksheet. Edit. It’s hard for us to imagine today that some peoples actually lived up to their ideals, but the world of Athens described by Pericles in his Funeral Oration was true to Athenian principles. It was given in the 5th-century by Pericles. Funeral Oration. But if they were worthy of praise, still more … Pericles’ speech has also played an important role, as you would expect, in commemorating those who have died in war. There's no mention of any afterlife, just eternal glory. Live Game Live. I'm really stuck, thanks for your help. The most important thing … Pericles has spent most of his time so far praising Athens, to show that it was (and is) worth dying for. Mourning is common theme that connects Sophocles’ Antigone, and Thucydides’ report of Pericles funeral oration. Men With High Standards Next. His speech gives great insight into Athenian life and culture, especially government. Bristol, BS8 1QU, UK In books of quotations, the Funeral Oration always provides most of the entries for Thucydides; these are the lines he is most famous for, and politicians – especially in the United States – regularly quote these lines in speeches. Question: Source A) The Following Excerpt Is From A Speech Known As "The Funeral Oration," Delivered By The Athenian General And Politician Pericles In 431 BCE. A.B. As always, Thucydides does not offer us clear lessons or instructions, but demands that we consider complicated questions. Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles' Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. Peloponnesian conflict 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides used to be an Athenian statesman for the period of the Peloponnesian struggle. Bosworth, ‘The historical context of Thucydides’ Funeral Oration’, Journal of Hellenic Studies 120 (2000), Nicole Loraux, The Invention of Athens: the funeral oration in the classical city (Cambridge MA, 1986), Jennifer Talbot Roberts, ‘Mourning and democracy’, in Katherine Harloe & Neville Morley (eds. 3. A funeral oration is a lengthy speech given at a funeral. 9th grade . 2) What in Athenian society does Pericles celebrate? Uncategorized. Thucydides used this opportunity to recreate the experience of listening to the greatest orator of his time, and at the same time to give his reader a sense of Pericles’ own ideas and of the ideals that inspired the Athenians; and, as always, he wanted his readers to think about those ideas and ideals, and to compare them to the reality of events. This quiz is incomplete! After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen. 404 BCE) in his History of the Peloponnesian War. Historians are agreed that the Athenians lived and spoke as they believed. Question: Thucydides, “Pericles Funeral Oration,” History Of The Peloponnesian War “Our Constitution Does Not Copy The Laws Of Neighbouring States; We Are Rather A Pattern To Others Than Imitators Ourselves. Question 2 The document was written between 455 BC to 399 BC. Funeral orations usually reserved the praise for the dead. How does the structure support this message? What did he mean?' Question 2 The document was written between 455 BC to 399 BC. In 431 BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed. Lv 7. Thucydides had to rely on memory, his own and others’, and said himself that the speeches in his work were not exact records of what was said but presented the speaker’s main points and what was appropriate to the situation (see I.22). Pericles’ funeral oration “We may encounter many defeats but we must not be defeated ”, the words with such a strong meaning can be used perfectly to inspire the audience. He gave this speech during a funeral for Athenian soldiers that died in … Pericles. The golden years of democracy in Athens followed for the next 70 to 80 years. Answer Save. The Funeral Oration has become one of the most famous and influential passages in Thucydides’ work; it offers a stirring tribute to the culture of Athens, to democracy and freedom, and it celebrates the men who are w… Funeral orations were popular in ancient Athens and quite a few of those written … Get an answer for 'In his funeral oration, Pericles described Athens as the "school of Hellas." 0��. Editors Note: Democracy had its beginnings in Athens around 500 B.C. Your quotation is the climax of the second … Pericles describe Athenian democracy: Democracy should favor the majority of the people, not just a select few. The main reason he recorded the funeral oration of Pericles is that is was different in form from previous funeral orations. fergamom. 74 terms. Ask A Question Now; Pericles Funeral Oration. Lv 7. Pericles speech was called the Funeral Oration. What did he mean?' Thucydides Questions and Answers - Discover the eNotes.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Thucydides Before the nineteenth century, ‘democracy’ was regarded by most people as mob rule, and so a speech in praise of democracy was of little use; one French translation at the time of the Revolution used phrases like “our constitution is called ‘popular’” rather than “our constitution is called a democracy” to avoid the negative overtones of the word. In his “Funeral Oration”, Pericles speaks about the Athenian life and their accomplishments as a method of inspiring those who are living and to be reminded of the actual dead got fought pertaining to. After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen. Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech during the war, in 430 BC. It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. Lots of Greek writers stress the uncertainty of fortune (Herodotus 1.5: "human happiness never remains long in one place"; the closing lines of Sophocles' Oedipus Turannos are that no-one should be called happy until he is dead), but the idea that it's therefore better to get yourself killed early - in the right sort of way - to avoid the risk of misfortune is again unique to Pericles. From Pericles Funeral Oration. Login to reply the answers Post; Still have questions? Funeral orations usually reserved the praise for the dead. How does Pericles depict the men who have died? I will award points! g. Expert answered|alvinpnglnn|Points 9233| Log in for more information. Pericles notes that there are practical advantages from fighting ("what is to be gained by beating the enemy back"), but he wants to stress more idealistic motives: citizens should fall in love with their city, so that they willingly sacrifice themselves it and thus receive eternal glory. It has been argued that Abraham Lincoln’s famous Gettysburg Address in 1863 was influenced by it; that is very uncertain, but the other speech on that occasion, a mammoth two-hour effort by one Edward Everett, constantly referred to it. In one sentence, what is the essential 'message' of the speech? Relevance. Pericles occupies a central role for two reasons. The main reason he recorded the funeral oration of Pericles is that is was different in form from previous funeral orations. Pericles’ Funeral Oration was a significant timestamp in 5th century Greece, Athens and to the Classical World. Question. 3. Pericles begins his oration by setting out the difficulty of his task: to please those in the audience who were close to the dead with tales of glory and honor without dismissing the citizens of Athens, who Pericles claims only want to hear praise of the dead so long as they can feel satisfied that they are equally great, (II.35). In the Funeral Oration, he discusses subjects such as the superiority of the Athenian compared to other civilisations. Save. 4. It is true that we are called a democra… Get the answers you need, now! Answer Save. ), Thucydides and the Modern World (Cambridge, 2012). After falling from power, he wrote his account of the war from his point of view. But what is more inspiring is the way Pericles delivered the speech in the Greek famous War. It is culturally delivered by a well-known-Athenian citizen. Beacon House 1) What does Pericles say in this oration about the constitution, government and laws of the Athenians? Pericles's Funeral Oration . Funeral Oration Of Pericles. (Pericles Funeral Oration from Thucydides by Paul Halsall Book Report/Review, n.d.) ... and the report also examines questions of fixed vs. flexible research. Pericles funeral oration essay questions Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman pericles funeral oration essay questions during the Peloponnesian War. Thucydides' Greek is notoriously difficult, but the language of Pericles Funeral Oration is considered by many to be the most difficult and virtuosic passage in the History of the Peloponnesian War. Hermann Strasburger, ‘Thucydides and the political self-portrait of the Athenians’, in Jeffrey S. Rusten (ed. Understanding the Passage (Key Questions) Understanding the Passage (Some Answers) Further Reading . [4] Make them your examples, and, esteeming courage to be freedom and freedom to be happiness, do not weigh too nicely the perils of war. [ -is most likely the speaker’s reason for addressing the mourners of the war dead. ] 1. Thanks! it is true that we are called a democracy, because power is in the hands of the many and not the few . [2] The sacrifice which they collectively made was individually repaid to them; for they received again each one for himself a praise which grows not old, and the noblest of all sepulchers—I speak not of that in which their remains are laid, but of that in which their glory survives, and is proclaimed always and on every fitting occasion both in word and deed. The Funeral Oration has become one of the most famous and influential passages in Thucydides’ work; it offers a stirring tribute to the culture of Athens, to democracy and freedom, and it celebrates the men who are willing to die for their city. As you read answer the following questions in detail and support your answer by citing the text. Get your answers by asking now. Look for answers to questions raised in your reading. Tel: +44 (0)117 928 9000 Favorite Answer. In 431 BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed. Mourning is common theme that connects Sophocles’ Antigone, and Thucydides’ report of Pericles funeral oration. It is Where does Pericles describe the Athenian taste in art, and what is it? The golden years of democracy in Athens followed for the next 70 to 80 years. Kids take a ten question quiz about Pericles. The following excerpt is from a speech known as “The Funeral Oration,” delivered by the Athenian general and politician Pericles in 431 BCE. Click to see full answer Furthermore, what was the purpose of Pericles funeral oration? To … Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game. In a democracy, where all citizens are legally equal, there are still differences between rich and poor. 1 decade ago. 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